The Belondrade vineyard is made up of 30 hectares (74 acres) divided up into 19 plots that bring different characteristics to the wine, depending on soil types, exposures, rootstocks and clones. The soils of this part of the plateau are generally made up of a 10-60cm deep layer of pebbles over a layer of clay and a deep stratum of limestone.
However in the different Belondrade plots there are pebbles and varying degrees of sand and clay, which add further to the complexity of the wine’s characteristics.
The density of plantation ranges from 1,100 to 3,300 vines per hectare with an average yield of 30 to 35 hectolitres per hectare. All of the vines belong to the property and have an average age of 30 years for Belondrade y Lurton and eight years for BELONDRADE Quinta Apolonia.
The vine canes are pruned relatively long because of the high risk of spring frosts and hail. De-budding and de-suckering are later carried out to ventilate the vine canopy, and crop thinning is done when necessary to keep down yields. Since the beginning, the vineyard is worked sustainably; and today has acquired the organic certification.
The vineyard is situated at an altitude of 750 metres with an average rainfall of between 300 and 350mm a year. The climate is continental, with characteristic cold and long winters and short hot summers with wide swings of temperature between day and night.